Can Food Changes Improve Male Fertility?
As a nutritionist in the fertility world, I have heard many times, “My partner has been told that he passed his sperm test with flying colors. It must be my fault we are not pregnant.”
To this statement I respond, “Stop. Rewind!”
Fertility treatment, like many popular sports, is a team effort or partnership that involves "ongoing close cooperation between parties having specified and joint rights and responsibilities" (definition from the Merriam-Webster dictionary).
So, it's important that men and women remember that sperm play a vital and significant role in pregnancy success and that male responsibility and participation never ends.
How Long Does it Take for Sperm to Develop?
In fact, male responsibility actually starts months BEFORE conception and continues throughout pregnancy. Did you know that it takes 3 months for sperm to fully mature? That’s right - 3 months! A semen analysis test is informative and important to the fertility evaluation process, but it is also one sample in time.
Sperm count, form, structure, DNA synthesis, and motility can be affected negatively or positively with lifestyle behaviors that affect dietary choices, body composition, hormonal and nutritional balance.
Environmental factors such as the presence of pesticides, phthalates, nicotine, caffeine, marijuana, mercury, and over the counter supplements can have negative effects on sperm quality and pregnancy success.
What Are Fertile Friendly Foods for Men?
Frequent red meat consumption may not support fertility as well as a greater consumption of organic poultry, low mercury fish, and a Mediterranean style diet.
Processed meat intake was also associated with lower fertilization rates in conventional IVF, but not with IVF cycles using intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
Does Eating Chicken Increase IVF Success?
Always keep in mind meats are a source of saturated fats and saturated fat intake is associated with lower sperm counts.
Are There Healthier Ways to Eat Red Meat?
Meats may contain environmental chemicals that will negatively affect spermatogenesis.
- Choose organic meats that are void of added synthetic hormones, pesticides, and antibiotics.
- Pesticides have been associated with lower sperm count and lower normal morphology percentage.
- Avoid consumption of game meats. These meats are a risk for toxoplasmosis bacteria and higher lead consumption.
Overall, western dietary patterns that include frequent intake of red meat, processed meats, butter, coconut oil, high fat dairy, pizza, high energy drinks, sweets, alcohol and refined grains has been associated with risk for low sperm motility, low sperm count, and lower normal morphology.
Research and data are highlighting that dietary intake, body composition, lifestyle behaviors and environment do influence semen quality.
More About Sperm and Male Factor Fertility
- Do you need to get your sperm tested?
- Wonder whether smoking can adversely affect sperm? The answer is right here.
- 4 Changes to Make to Improve Sperm Quality
Have questions? Looking for more information? Schedule an appointment with Carolyn Gundell, MS or Jill Hickey today by calling your RMA of Connecticut Patient Navigator.
About Carolyn Gundell, M.S.
Carolyn Gundell, M.S. is a nutritionist, specializing in PCOS and fertility. With over 20 years of nutrition experience, Carolyn has a special interest in helping women with conditions that affect fertility, including insulin resistance, diabetes Type1/Type 2, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), lipid disorders, celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome, underweight and overweight concerns. Carolyn earned her M.S. in Nutrition from Columbia University and completed her undergraduate studies in Biology/Nutrition at Albertus Magnus College in New Haven. She is trained as a Research Associate in Clinical Skills Training, and is certified in HIPAA, CPR, First Aid and Food Safety & Sanitation. Previously, Carolyn worked at Pediatric Endocrine & Diabetes Specialists, The Center for Advanced Pediatrics, both in Norwalk and at Yale University Medical Center’s Obesity, Diabetes, PCOS Clinic and The Yale Fertility Center.